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納米水2018 . 6 . 9

21世紀是納米世紀,納米技術將滲透到人類的生產、生活許多領域,將引起一場“新的世界工業化革命”。納米技術應用於水產養殖,是近2∼3年的事。納米材料國內已經可以產業化生產的有100多種,這些世界上原來沒有的新物質,有什麼功能,尚待人們去開發。

上個世紀60年代前後鐳射技術的應用,推出了一批新的產業,後來又出現了個微米技術,也推出一批新產業。這兩次浪潮,水產業都失之交臂,沒有抓住機遇。現在世界上出現了許多新現象,例如水體老化、環境污染,用原來的物質材料、傳統科學已經不能解決了,或者說愈來愈不經濟了。

有人說地球環境最後一道防線是納米技術。現在就是要創造一些新材料、新物質,運用納米技術在原子、分子水準上進行設計,移動原子組成新材料。另外,特種定向催化劑的開發使設計特殊聚合物分子成為可能。水質好壞是看分子團的水分子多少,一般由6∼7個水分子組成。水的分子團愈小,水的滲透力、溶解力、代謝力就越強,更容易進出細胞膜,運送養料、輸出垃圾,成為最佳的運輸載體。因此,小分子團的水最適合動物與植物細胞的吸收。

随着环境的恶化,水的缔合分子从原来的6∼7个,变成了30∼40个。这说明水老化了、退化了,水的结构出了问题,分子团逐渐变大,而且面目全非了。水的功能减退,成为一种病态水,有序排列成了无序排列,这种水会使动物的免疫功能下降,体内酸性物质增加,而对病原微生物抵抗力下降,细胞活性降低,鱼、虾容易致病,用药也难以治好。

水是有记忆的,有害电磁波进去了,就改变了电磁波频率。经过有害物质污染过的水,尽管通过多种物理、化学、生物等净化处理,将水中有害物质清除掉,但那些有害物质的原有信息仍然残存在水中。其表现就是分子团变大,就是人工加工的“纯净水”也是一种大分子水。所以,透明洁净的水不一定就是好水。

要恢复水的原始状态,即小分子团的水。就要用核磁共振仪测定其半幅宽,要小于100H2,水的分子团缔合分子为6∼8个水分子,水的营养生理功能,即溶解力、渗透力、扩散力、代谢力、浮化力、洁净力仍为良好状态。怎样才能使水的分子团变小,常用的办法是:一是远红外辐射﹔二是超声波处理﹔三是电场作用﹔四是磁场处理,或者几种办法复合处理。有一些矿物在粉碎到纳米、微米时,没有能量,也能连续地发射出远红外,使水分子降到6∼8个。核磁共振的线幅半宽达70H2左右,水质是pH7.4,ORP降低,H2愈小,水的能量愈大,水的渗透力、溶解力、代谢力就愈强,排除有害物质能力也增强。

2.应用实例

目前,国内外运用纳米材料于渔业、农业及环保方面已初见成效的有:

① 纳米污水处理(生活污水)。湖南、贵州已成功地建立了纳米材料污水处理厂,较常规污水处理厂投资省一半、耗电省一半、占地省一半。

② 纳米养鱼、养龟、养虾。江西的纳米“863”在广西用于大面积养虾,换水量可减少50%,水质清晰,对虾无病,增产20%以上。南昌市养龟、鳖不加温,一年长到1kg。纳米材料用于养鱼还有促进生长与防病的作用。上海已有6个月不换水的纳米静水养鱼实例。日本用微米、纳米功能材料养对虾试验,增产87%。

③ 作净水用。日本用微纳米材料加净水菌种的混合体,撒布在琵琶湖,净化湖水。我国上海、苏州部分地区也作了类似试验,取得了同样效果。一个月后臭味消除,NH3-N从7×10-6降至0.5×10-6以下,不换水、不增氧,没有二次污染,无其他副作用。

上海昆虫馆,在一个30m2的鱼池使用纳米材料,放养40kg观赏鱼,6个月不换水、不增氧、不吸污,照常投喂饲料,水中的NH3-N从0.5×10-6降至0.25×10-6。

④ 用纳米负离子水养鱼。可以提高水中溶氧、提高pH与成活率,不增氧、不循环、不换水,也可长期养殖。

⑤ 处理禽畜污水。纳米材料用作禽、畜污水处理,乌黑的猪屎粪液,3天后除臭味,7天后变灰色,15天后水色明显变好。

⑥ 用作抑菌、灭菌。水经过纳米塑料管,即有抑菌、灭菌作用。用电子显微镜观察,细菌明显减少。

⑦ 加工饲料。纳米、微米材料加入饲料中,可以使饲料在常温下变成纳米多孔颗粒饲料,比重低于1,而长期浮在水面。深圳用纳米饲料养鳖,成活率提高。

⑧ 使水负离子化。经纳米材料处理,水中氯离子减少,呈弱碱性。供人饮用,可以增强免疫力,提高健康水平。

⑨ 海上用网箱的网片上涂了抗菌纳米材料就可以不结垢,不需要经常冲洗。

3.结束语

纳米材料在水产养殖上的应用,在近2∼3年探索实践过程中,有以下体会:

① 探索納米技術在水產養殖上的應用,如同進入一個陌生的未知世界,什麼都從“0”開始,是科研領域的一個“新大陸”。

② 納米世界是一個未知的科學世界。納米養魚,值得我們去探索,但是工作量是很大的,需要有更多的機構和人才去做。

③ 納米材料在漁業上的應用,可以開出無數的課題,每一個題目,都可出一篇博士論文,因為沒有人做過。例如,納米陶粒與魚、蝦體重的關系,少了沒有作用,多了能量太大,要傷魚、蝦,單一成份納米與復配納米又不一樣。

④ 用納米材料進行養魚水處理,可以大大簡化工業化養魚技術,大幅度節電、節能。例如臭氧發生器、紫外線殺菌器、蛋白質分離器,甚至生物包等,都可以減少或取消。納米材料可徹底改革飼料功能,養魚、養蝦也不需要再用藥了。

節錄自:【作者】 丁永良【刊名】中國漁業經濟

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Negative Ions for the Brain2018 . 2 . 4

The Owner's Manual for the Brain, Everyday Applications from Mind-Brain Research

The atmosphere we breathe normally is full of positive and negative ions. Air conditioning, lack of ventilation, and long dry spells remove negative ions, which usually serve to latch onto airborne dirt particles and wrestle them to the floor, rendering the air purer. Roughly one-third of the population seems to be particularly sensitive to negative-ion depletion. The proportion of negative ions is highest around moving water (storms, oceans, rivers, waterfalls)—It's no wonder that we feel so energized at the beach. The best ratios of negative to positive ions are associated with waterfalls and the time before, during, and after storms. The worst are found in windowless rooms and closed, moving vehicles. Air purifiers typically work by emitting negative ions, which purify room air by attaching to impurities and sinking them.


High concentrations of negative ions are essential for high energy and positive mood (Thayer, 1996)[1]. In fact, Marian Diamond, a professor of neuroanatomy at the University of California, Berkeley, has found that levels of negative ions are inversely related to levels of serotonin in the brain. Negative ions suppress serotonin levels in much the same way that natural sunlight suppresses melatonin. Hence the invigorating effect of fresh air and sunshine and the correspondingly depressed feelings associated with being closed in and dark. If you deplete the air of negative ions, you experience an increase in serotonin and its attendant drowsiness and relaxation—not what you want when mental agility is demanded. Diamond's research (1988)[2], along with other information on ions, is summarized in Yepsen (1987).[3]

In an interesting twist, Josh Backon, a member of the Department of Cardiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, writes in an Internet posting that in order to increase left-hemisphere activity (linear, language, logical), one can block the left nostril and engage in "forced unilateral nostril breathing." Likewise, to increase right-hemisphere activity (creative, holistic, emotional), the right nostril should be blocked. This practice increases the supply of negative ions to a specific hemisphere.

Applications

1. Don't live or work in a space with no fresh air unless the air conditioning system contains an ion generator.

2. Purchase a room ion generator to keep in the room in which you spend the most time, and run it when you are not getting any outside air.

3. Take frequent breaks in fresh air, and when you can't, open the window!

REFERENCES

[1] Thayer, R.E. (1989). Biopsychology of Mood and Arousal. New York: Oxford University Press

[2] Diamond, M. (1988) Enriching Heredity: The Impact of the Environment on the Anatomy of the Brain. New York: Free Press.

[3] Yepsen, R.B., Jr. (1987) How to Boost Your Brain Power: Achieving Peak Intelligence, Memory and Creativity. Emmaus, Pa.: Rodale.

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Self-Cleaning Leather2018 . 1 . 19

Self-cleaning technology has been developed and widely applied onto glass, cement, textile, etc. Leather products always require special care and are not suitable to be cleaned with water. Therefore, developing self-cleaning leather is extremely important. At LASRA, two types of self-cleaning leather surfaces, hydrophobic and hydrophilic (Photocatalytic) surfaces are being investigated.

Magnetic Therapy2017 . 11 . 28

Magnetic Therapy: A non-invasive, natural therapy that enhances body’s own ability to heal itself & to manage all kinds of pain including neck/back..

Published on November 28, 2017

Natural Phenomenon

Life developed under the influence of the earth's geomagnetic field. We are surrounded by a sea of magnetism. Magnetic fields surround the earth and protect all living things from harmful radiation. They also influence man's behavior, mental function and physical energy. The human body, its individual organs and each of the millions of cells making up the organs and the body bathed by this sea are magnetically charged. Cell regulation, tissue function and life itself are controlled by internal electromagnetic currents. In disease states, these electromagnetic potentials are altered but fortunately can be favorably influenced by the external application of magnetics.

Historic Records

Chinese were the first people to make use of magnets; the Yellow Emperor's Book of Internal Medicine (one of the earliest medical writings 2000 BC) mentions the application of magnetic stones. Cleopatra is also reputed to have slept on a Lodestone (a naturally magnetized piece of magnetite) to keep her skin looking youthful.

Modern medicine is beginning to realize the potential value of using magnetic energy in the treatment of physical and mental disorders. In 1989, the FDA and the University of Tulsa jointly sponsored a conference on emerging electro-magnetic medical technology that attracted researchers, physicians and specialist from around the world. Research for space exploration has produced important information on the human response to magnetic fields and pulsing magnetic frequencies. NASA discovered that magnetic field generators installed in manned space ships were essential in maintaining bone density and normal health for the early astronauts. They found that specific magnetic fields and frequencies produced certain biological responses. The Earth's natural pulsing frequency of 7.96 Hz (cycles per second) reduces stress and encourages relaxation and sleep. Deep restorative sleep is essential in achieving top physical and mental performance.

Biomagnetism

When magnetic "flux" (the north/south flow of a magnet) passes through tissue, a secondary current is created around the flux lines in the tissue cells. This ionizes the protoplasm and rejuvenates the tissues by activating cell metabolism. The function of the cell becomes strengthened as the cell metabolism responds to the bioelectrical currents initiated by the magnetic flux. This current induces muscle spasms to decrease and the activated cell metabolism lowers inflammation in the tissue. The increase of cellular metabolism aids in the regeneration as well as in new cell growth.

Biomagnetism works in the human body through the circulatory system, the nervous system, and the endocrine system. Magnetism is continuously penetrating every known particle, right down to the atom. Its ordering effect on living systems arises from the fact that magnetism is a blueprint of life itself. All known energies have as a base this electromagnetic field. The latest research indicates that magnetism has a very significant biological effect on human beings.

Biomagnetism works to regulate and normalize hormone secretion in the glands. It is currently believed that the increased electrical current being produced forms like a net around the glands and secretory ducts. An extra concentration of oxygen stimulates production while the electrical net regulates optimum secretion. As a result, conditions caused by a lack of hormone secretion or a hormone imbalance are affected through normalizing the hormone functions within the body. Hormones play a very important role in rejuvenation and in general energy levels while proper circulation ensures that the hormone level is evenly distributed to all parts of the body.

As the use of biomagnetics in clinics around the world continues to increase, healers are seeing firsthand how natural magnetism promotes health and provides energy by eliminating disorder in the various biological systems. Stimulating blood circulation and building new cells to rejuvenate the tissues of the body does this. The biomagnetic effect on iron and oxygen in the body allows the hemoglobin active movement, thereby activating circulations in a remarkable way. Blood contains ferrous hemoglobin (iron) that functions as a carrier of oxygen and carbon dioxide. As the blood circulates in the lungs, fully magnetized ferrous hemoglobin is able to transport more oxygen to cell tissue as well as taking more carbon dioxide waste from the cell back to the lungs for removal. Ineffective and weakened blood cells are appropriately strengthened, and vital blood is pumped in the system. With the respiratory exchange, improved and cellular metabolism activated to increase vitality, prevention and cure of disease become a natural conclusion.

Not a Rocket Science Kind of Things; Its Down to Earth (Get Yourself the Magnets), Works for Me!

Magnotherapy or Magnetic Therapy is a non-invasive, natural therapy which enhances your body's own ability to heal itself and to manage all kinds of pain including neck, back and knee pain, migraine, cramp, RSI, poor circulation, sports injury, carpal tunnel syndrome, menstruation, rheumatism, arthritis...

In the modern world, millions of people worldwide have discovered the benefits of magnetic health. Magnotherapy is widely used by professionals and athletes in sports such as golf, athletics, tennis, ice hockey, boxing.

Magnetic Therapy is officially recognised by the Japanese Ministry of Health; magnetic therapy devices are now registered as medical devices in many countries worldwide. It is commonly used within complimentary therapies and is a non-invasive natural therapy deemed to have no health risk by the World Health Organisation.

Buryl Payne Ph.D, Author of "Magnetic Healing: Advanced Techniques for the Application of Magnetic Forces" cites the following specific known factors in magnetic healing:

- Increased blood flow with resultant oxygen delivery.

- Removal of calcium ions away from painful arthritic joints.

Professor Holger Hannemann of Switzerland writes: "The use of magnets for healing has been practised for thousands of years. It was known to the ancient Egyptians and, before them, to the Chinese. Now science is catching up with this proven method of traditional holistic medicine."

The respected Swiss Naturopath documents an impressive success rate for magnetic therapy: In a double-blind test, it helped 90% of a large group of patients with myositis, bursitis, arthritis and rheumatism.

Remark: People wearing device with "metal" or "pacemaker" inside the body, should not attempt to use magnet, as it might affect the device's proper function!

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